Bokaro is a small river which flows into the Konar, a tributary of Damodar. A village by the name of Bokaro lies on the northern bank of the Konar. It is here that Bokaro Thermal Power Station of the Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) is located which is at a distance of 28 Kms west of the Chandrapura Thermal Station also of DVC, on the northern bank of Damodar. The Tenughat Dam, which is the source of industrial water for the steel plant rises on the Damodar. The Dam on the Garga the source of drinking water for the steel city is due south of tenughat at an aerial distance of about 27 Kms. BSL is located on the site where formerly a village by the name of Maraphari existed. It was connected to a railway station also known as Maraphari on the Muri Chandrapura line on the south eastern railways. With the coming up of the Steel Plant the station was renamed as Bokaro Steel City. The Govt. Of India & Bihar and Bokaro Steel Limited at a meeting on Sep12, 1964 decided to name the steel township as Bokaro Steel City.


The nearest small town to the steel city is CHAS, lying at the south-eastern tip of the site on the junction of the Dhanbad-Ramgarh-Ranchi and Dhanbad-Purulia-Tatanagar roads. Chas derives its name from the predominant agriculture occupation of its inhabitants. Chas came to some notice during World War II , when a prisoner of the war camp was located here. It is a commercial centre of Agriculture produce of the area. Chas is the Headquarters of the subdivision.The District may be categorised into three natural formation:-

Physical Data

Climate & Rainfall

The district falling in tropic monsoon region has broadly three pronounced season :-

Education & Litracy

7 All India School Education Survey

Block Wise Statistical Information

Name of subdivision Name of Block Nearest Railway Station Area (sq. km.) No. of panchayats No. of villages
Chas Chas Bokaro steel city 537.60 56 144
ChandanKiyari Bhojudih 370.70 38 128
Bermo Jaridih Topkadih 207.5 17 42
Kasmar Topkadih 195.30 15 68
Peterwar Gola Road 305.80 23 65
Gomia Gomia 630.60 36 135
Bermo Bermo 165.70 19 10
Nawadih Gomia 371.80 24 69
  Chandrapura NA NA 23 31
Total 251 692

Distance of Sub-divisional headquarter & Block headquarter from Bokaro

Bokaro to Chas sub-divisional headquarter 12km
Bokaro to Bermo via Tenughat sub-divisional headquarter 60km
Bokaro to Chas block headquater 4 km
Bokaro to Chandankiyari block headquarter 37km
Bokaro to Jaridih block headquarter 18km
Bokaro to Kasmar block headquarter 35km
Bokaro to Peterwar block headquarter 35km
Bokaro to Gomia block headquarter 70km
Bokaro to Bermo block headquarter 30km
Bokaro to Nawadih block headquarter 55km
Bokaro to Chandrapura block headquarter 15km

Distances of other important places

Bokaro to Ranchi 115km
Bokaro to Dhandbad 45km
Bokaro to Hazaribagh 105km
Bokaro to Giridih 100km
Bokaro to Purulia (West Bengal) 52km
Bokaro to Jamshedpur 125km
Bokaro to Patna 350km
Bokaro to Kolkatta 550km
Bokaro to Varanasi 450km
Bokaro to Ramgarh 75km

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Large Industries

Bokaro is known as Steel city, because the largest steel plant our our country in situated here. The giant public sector SAIL has their steel plant situated at Bokaro Steel City known as BSL or Bokaro Steel Plant.About 40 thousand people are working in this plant day & Night. The steel plant is well organised concern having rich infrastructure in Bokaro Steel City.

The Damodar Valley Corporation(DVC), a public sector is having their two big power captive plants situated at Bokaro Thermal & Chandanpura respectively.Both these units have huge infrastructures.

The Coal India Limited, a public sector has their 2 subsidiaries in this district i.e.. CCL & BCCL respectively located at Bermo, Dugda & Chandankiyari area respectively.Both these subsidiaries are having rich infrastructure in the area.

JSEB, State public sector has their one power captive plant located at Lalpania near Tenughat. This unit is also having rich infrasturctural support in the area.

The multinational private sector ICI has their explosive unit at Gomia. This unit has also huge infrasturctural support in


Bokaro industrial area is located in Bokaro steel city established by state public sector BIADA(Bokaro Industrial Area Development Authority). The several organised SSI units are situated in this industrial area and they are having good infrastructural support.


Nearest Air Base

Commercial Air Base Ranchi(130 km)

Private Air Base Bokaro Steel City

Nearest Military Base

Fire Station in District

There is no fire station in charge district owned by the State Govt. But large public sectors and private sectors have their

own fire safety arrangement as follows:

Ground Water

The principal source of ground water recharge in the district is rainfall.However, return flow of irriagation water seepage from

canals,influent seepage from streams are the additonal source of recharge of ground water body.Most of the rivers and rivulets

are effluent in greater part of the year and these do not significantly re-charge.

Ground Water Data

Total ground water resources 238.10 mcm
Utilisable ground water resouces for irrigation 202.41 mcm
Quantity of ground water resouces for PHED and industrial use 35.69 mcm
Net ground water draft 1.88 mcm
Ground water balance 200.53 mcm


Agriculture & Land utilisation

The district being mostly covered by hills & forest the soil generally is rocky & sandy while it is alluvial near the riverbed

(about 23% of the geographical) area of the district.

Rural and urban water supply

Out of six prominent township in the district , only two i.e.Bokaro steel city and chas are having very limited but organised ground water supply for domestic purposes,through shallow bore wells,deep bore wells, hand pumps etc.

The other sources of water supply at Bokaro steel city and chas is through Tenughat dam and Garga dam. The rest of township depends on surface water resouces canals,hand pumps etc. The rural areas of the district depends on dugwells, handpumps, rivers, ponds, canals etc. for domestic water purposes.

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